Geography of Nepal

Nepal is a sandwiched country situated in South Asian Region bordering with China’s Tibet Autonomous Region in the north, and India in the South, East and West. Nepal is located between 800 4'- 800 12' east longitude and 260 22'- 300 4' north latitude. The country is divided into 3 geographical regions; Himalayan Region, Mahabhart Region is also called mid-hill and the Terai Region (Plain Land) which covers 147, 181 Square Kilometer (about 200 Km width north to south & 885 km east to west).

Geographically, the land orientation covers 64% Mid-Hill Mountain (Mahabharat Range), 6% Churia Hill( Siwalik Range), 13% Plain Land of Terai, 17% Himalayan Alpine Region approximately. The Himalayan region’s altitude ranges between 3000 meters to 8848 meters extending to the north from east to west with world famous peaks-Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchenjunnga (8586m), Makalu (8464m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8163m) and Annapurna (8091m) and Saipal- Api range with many other majestic snow clad mountains.

The Mid-Hill Mountain (Mahabharat Range) occupies over 64% of the total land of the country. It is the main region which causes broad diversification and homeland of various ethnical groups. The people living in this region are fully dependent in agriculture as their main occupation. They grow millet, corn and rice at lower elevation and several cash crops like vegetables, orange, zinger, tea, coffee, cardamom, etc.

Terai Region (Plain Land) occupies approximately 13% of the country's total land with altitude between 63m to 300m. It is known as main agricultural area of the country, rice, wheat, corn, sugar cane, oil seeds, legumes, vegetables and several cash crops are grown broadly. The plain land has easy access than the other regions so many groups migrated from the mountain and adopted agriculture as a main occupation. 

The country’s remarkable differences in climatic conditions are primarily related to the massive range of altitude variation. Generally Nepal can be divided into five different climatic zones which are- tropical and subtropical zone below of 1200m, cool-temperate zone above 1200 to 2400m, cold zone above 2400 to 3600m, sub-arctic climatic zone or sub-alpine above 3600 to 4400m and alpine or arctic zone above 4400m of Himalayan region.

Nepal Travel Map

Please click on map to have larger view.

Nepal Travel Map

National Parks in Nepal Map

Click for larger view.

Nepal Map with National Park